Anodising is an electrochemical surface treatment used to promote and increase the formation of an anodic oxide coating on a base material. For example, aluminium and its alloys are most commonly anodised to produce an aluminium oxide coating.
The anodising process involves submerging aluminium or an aluminium alloy into an electrolytic solution, such as sulphuric acid, alongside a cathode. When the aluminium alloy is fully submerged, an electrical current is passed through the aluminium, creating a cell. In this process, the aluminium takes on the role of the anode, therefore readily oxidising within the electrolytic solution. Anodising causes the aluminium to oxidise, therefore forming a thick layer of aluminium oxide (oxide film). This is opposed to the layer that would have naturally occurred which would be thinner and less effective.
Anodising aluminium is a process used to produce a thick oxide film (anodic layer) for the aluminium/its alloys. This process is used to improve the corrosion and erosion resistance of the surface of the metal, whilst also decreasing its thermal and electrical conductivity.
The process of anodising is used to produce a thicker, more efficient aluminium oxide film (anodic layer) within a controlled process/environment as opposed to the layer of aluminium oxide that would occur naturally. The benefits of anodising a material such as aluminium include the increased corrosion and wear resistance of the oxide film (anodic layer) which is produced. This process forms a coloured layer on top of the material.
Aluminium and its alloys are the most common materials to be anodised, however, other materials that can undergo anodising include, steel, hafnium, zinc, titanium and magnesium.
Anodising is used and applied within multiple different industries. TWI Ltd has experience in the process, including: