A new statement has recently been released by the International Institute of Welding (IIW) regarding lung cancer and arc welding.
The statement was produced by the IIW Commission VIII, ‘Health, Safety and Environment,’ which is chaired by TWI Technology Manager and Member of The Welding Institute, Eur Ing Geoff Melton (SenMWeldI CEng). Commission VIII studies occurrences during the welding process that can potentially affect health, safety and the environment, and additionally looks at the development of technical guidance for correct management of the fabrication process in industry. Commission VIII acts as the global interdisciplinary forum for exchange of knowledge in the industry, supported by the expertise of its members who represent different scientific disciplines including Medicine, Chemistry, Occupation Hygiene and Welding Engineering.
The IIW is the world’s largest network and centre of reference for welding and allied joining technologies. Its mission is, ‘to act as the worldwide network for knowledge exchange of joining technologies to improve the global quality of life.’ The IIW’s mission also involves operating as the global body for the science and application of joining technology by providing a forum for networking and knowledge exchange among scientists, researchers and industry. Read more...
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) published Monograph 118, in 2018 where it outlined that welding fumes were evaluated and reclassified as Group 1 (carcinogenic to humans). Prior to this assessment, an IARC evaluation from 1990 classified welding fumes as ‘possibly carcinogenic’ to humans (Group 2B). The 2018 reclassification was therefore based on the epidemiological excess risk for lung cancer and the suppressive effect on the immune system caused by welding fumes.
Read the full IIW statement of lung cancer and welding below:
In 2018, IARC published Monograph 118, in which welding fumes were evaluated, and has reclassified them as Group 1 (carcinogenic to humans). Based on this assessment, IARC revised its evaluation from 1990, when it classified welding fumes as “possibly carcinogenic” to humans (group 2B).
This assessment was based on an epidemiological excess risk for lung cancer and was supported by publications on local and systemic inflammatory processes and a suppressive effect on the immune system caused by welding fumes.
In 2003, IIW Commission VIII issued a statement on the excess risk of lung cancer in electric arc welders. In 2011, this statement was reconfirmed (Ref. Welding in the World, 55, 12-20, 2011).
IIW recommended that to eliminate the excess risk of lung cancer, welders and their managers must ensure that:
Since 2011, more human studies have been published. On the balance of evidence, the grade of risk excess has been confirmed. This assessment has been corroborated also in a meta-analysis published subsequently after the IARC monograph 118 (Honaryar et al. 2019). Again, the excess risk has been shown irrespective of the type of steel (mild steel or stainless steel) welded.
In addition to lung cancer, IARC stated that there is also an excess risk for kidney cell cancer, as shown in several epidemiological studies. The evidence was rated “limited” due to the fact that any confounding effect of solvents could not be ruled out.
IARC also classified ultraviolet radiation from arc welding as carcinogenic (sufficient evidence, group 1), based on an excess risk of uveal melanoma of welders found in some epidemiological studies.
Therefore, based on the current state of knowledge, IIW confirms its statement from 2011 and encourages all those responsible to reduce the exposure to welding fume to a minimum.
IIW recommends that to eliminate the excess risk of lung cancer, welders and their managers must ensure that exposure to welding fume is minimized, at least to national guidelines.
Our first Structural Integrity Technical Group Meeting of this year will be looking at 'Latest Developments in Fitness for Service Procedures in BS7910, R6 and ASME/API579,' and will be hosted online on the 15 April.
This online afternoon event will look into the application of fitness-for-service procedures within multiple industries, globally, being dominated by three key codes and standards:
Each of these codes/standards have recently or are currently in the process of being revised and The Welding Institute’s Structural Integrity Technical Group has organised for experts with detailed experience and knowledge of the developments of each of these codes/standards to deliver presentations at this technical event, highlighting the most significant changes. Our speakers are highly experienced engineers who chair or are Members of one or more of the committees overlooking the development of these codes/standards.
The R6 Assessment Procedure: Recent Developments in Revision 4 Amendment 12 and Beyond - Cory Hamelin, Materials Engineer at EDF Energy
BS 7910:2019 - What's New? – Isabel Hadley, Technology Fellow at TWI Ltd
Transporting Carbon Dioxide / Hydrogen in Pipelines. What are the Implications for Structural Integrity? – Andrew Cosham, CEO of Ninth Planet Engineering Limited
Recent Developments in Fracture Mechanics Aimed at Reducing Conservatisms in Defect Assessment Methodologies – John Sharples, Senior Consultant in Materials Science and Structural Integrity at Jacobs
ASME/ API579: 2021 and Beyond - Benjamin Hantz, ASME Fellow Technology Advisor Mechanical Reliability at Valero
Group Discussion and Q&A – all speakers
Find out more and register here!
More about the speakers...
This event is run jointly with FESI
FESI provides a forum for the development and enhancement of best practice for engineering structural integrity practitioners, for academics and across all industry sectors in the UK and overseas.
The Welding Institute’s Joining Processes Technical Group successfully hosted its first Technical Group Meeting online this week, with the overall event looking at ‘Welding and Repair of High Temperature Plant.’ The online event was hosted over one morning with guest speakers from industry delivering in-depth presentations to a global audience, including from France, Sweden, Australia, Malaysia, South Africa and Norway, to name a few!
Technical Head, Materials and Corrosion - Uniper Technologies Limited
Professor Scott Lockyer is Technical Head of Materials and Corrosion at Uniper Technologies Limited’s (UTG) Integrity and Inspection Solutions department. Scott’s role involves providing technical leadership and oversight of materials activities such as R&D, failure investigation and component life assessment. Scott joined UTG in 2005 following technical management and principal engineer roles in a number of engineering consultancies, including TWI Ltd. Prior to this, Scott was a Research Fellow in the Department of Materials at Oxford University. Scott holds a degree in Metallurgy and Materials Science and a PhD in Metallurgy from the University of Liverpool. He was also appointed Royal Academy of Engineering Visiting Professor in Advanced Materials at Loughborough University from 2013-2017 and has subsequently continued in this post.
Scott’s presentation was titled, ‘Welding and Repair of High Temperature Plant,’ which looked into multiple case studies, including IBN1 (MarBN) steel and IBN1 (MarBN) steel matching consumable, steam conditioning valve, high pressure steam pipework, high pressure steam chest (turbine valve) drain, grade 91 outlet manifold branches and T24 membrane wall tubes. This was followed by conclusions, which looked into the repair options for high temperature plant and additionally the conditions under which all repairs should be subject.
Head of Welding Engineering - Doosan Babcock
With over 35 years’ experience in welding and welding engineering and over 20 years of this time being spent on power generation plant, Neil is currently Head of Welding Engineering, Responsible Welding Coordinator (in accordance with ISO 3834-2) and Global Construction Welding Technical Authority at Doosan Babcock. He provides governance to both UK and overseas based operational sites in power generation, petrochemical, nuclear and process sectors. Neil is also engaged in developing novel solutions to repair of ageing plant, especially nuclear and process/gas plant, additionally providing support in the construction of the new nuclear power plant at Hinkley Point.
Neil’s presentation looked at the, ‘Replacement of Spun Cast Ni/Cr Alloy Pipework in Process Gas Heaters.’ The presentation began with an introduction into process gas heaters, continuing on to look at the reasons for the use of spun cast alloys, and the reasons for replacement and potential problems faced, followed by an exploration of possible solutions and concluding with a final look at the outcomes and conclusions and a look into the future of work within this area.
Principal Project Leader – Arcs Welding - TWI
Marcello joined TWI in 2006, working in the Fracture Integrity and Arc Welding sections, after a four-year experience as a metallurgist/welding engineer with a pressure vessel manufacturer. Marcello holds a MEng in Materials Engineering from Politecnico in Milan. He specialises in welding engineering consultancy, support with the application of welding codes and standards and welding of high-temperature materials. He has published over ten peer-reviewed publications and conference papers and actively participates in many national and international codes and standards committees, including those covering the ISO 15614 and ISO 9606 series, ASME BPVC Section and Afcen committees.
Marcello’s presentation looked at, ‘Recent and Upcoming Code Changes,’ where he looked into P/T91/92 OR ASME ISO specifications.
Welding Engineering Manager - BAE Systems - Maritime Submarines
Mike is currently the Welding Engineering Manager for BAE Systems - Maritime Submarines, based at Barrow-in-Furness and leads a team of professional welding engineers and technicians supporting the design, construction and commissioning of nuclear powered submarines for the Royal Navy.
He was elected Chair of a new Trailblazer Employer Group established in 2014 and, to date, has led the group, consisting of employers representing both large and small/medium sized companies, training providers, end point assessment organisations and professional institutions, through successful submission and approval of new "employer led" apprenticeship standards for the welding industry in England.
Mike has also recently joined The Welding Institute Governing Council (read more).
Mike (FWeldI CEng) delivered a presentation which looked into, ‘Trailblazers’ and the ‘apprentice standards for welding.’ His talk covered a background into apprenticeships in relation to the Richard Review 2012 and an explanation of trailblazer apprenticeships, overview of new standards, reasons for and options in relation to apprenticeships, including an insight into funding, the apprenticeship levy and concluded with an overview of apprenticeship standards available to suit your current requirements.
Joining Processes Technical Group Chair and Fellow of The Welding Institute, Gene Mathers (FWeldI CEng) has extensive experience within this field of engineering, demonstrated by over 40 years of experience within industry working in power generation, pipeline, heavy engineering, heavy engineering, nuclear and the pressure vessel fabrication industries. Previous to his current role, Gene worked for NEI-International Combustion Ltd as the company’s Welding and Metallurgy Manager for 7 years, after which he continued on to work as a Quality Manager for 3 years at NEI-International Combustion Ltd, before joining TWI Ltd in 1991 as Manager, School of Welding Technology for 3 years, then continuing on to undertake the position of TWI’s Principal Consultant for 13 years.
Gene’s talk looked at, ‘Electro-Slag Cladding – A Case Study,’ and was a case study-based presentation looking at the of application of electro-slag cladding to an industry project with the talk additionally including an outline of electro-slag welding.
The Welding Institute would like to thank all those who attended our first online Joining Processes Technical Group Meeting and our amazing speakers who delivered in-depth technical presentations drawing from their extensive industry experience!
Jazeel Chukkan (MWeldI CEng), Welding Institute Member and TWI Structural Integrity Engineer and Fatigue Integrity Management (FIM) Project Leader, recently achieved his Chartered Engineer status with the Engineering Council and Welding Institute, therefore advancing to MWeldI status with the Institute.
Joining The Welding Institute in 2016 as an Associate Interim Chartered Engineer (AWeldI Interim, CEng) Jazeel achieved his Member (MWeldI) and Chartered Engineer (CEng) status earlier this week.
Jazeel joined TWI in 2018, working within the FIM section. Prior to his time with TWI, he completed his Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering and a Master’s degree in Welding Engineering. Jazeel is also a former TWI Innovation Network NSIRC student and completed his PhD on the effects of cyclic load on residual stress redistribution in welded structures with Coventry University and TWI in 2019.
Speaking on his recent achievement with The Welding Institute about the reasons why he chose to gain Professional Membership and Registration, Jazeel explained:
“I knew I possessed the competence and commitment to the professional standard set by the Engineering Council and I wanted to demonstrate this to my employer and clients. Also, I believe Chartered status can benefit my career progression. These motivated me to become professionally registered as a Chartered Engineer."
“I have been working in the field of welding and joining for the last 7 years. From my past experience I am well aware that The welding Institute is the leading welding and joining institution that offers professional registration. Various events hosted by The Welding Institute, such as webinars, technical talks and volunteer activities in the field of welding and joining, impressed me and pushed me to choose to gain professional registration with The Welding Institute.”
You can find out more about Jazeel and his achievement in TWI’s recent press release here.
Find out more about how you can become professionally registered with The Welding Institute.
As many of you will be aware, our Joining Processes Technical Group Meeting, scheduled for March last year, had to be cancelled due to Covid-19. We know how much those who registered for the meeting were disappointed that it could not go ahead and, therefore, we are running this Technical Group event online with the same amazing speakers and updated presentations.
We have a range of industry leading speakers lined up to deliver the presentations for the event, including; Welding and Joining Processes Technical Group Chair Gene Mathers; Director at Mark Golding Consultants Ltd, Mark Golding; Technical Head of Materials and Corrosion at Uniper, Scott Lockyer; Welding Engineering Manager at BAE Systems and Fellow of The Welding Institute, Michael Skyrme; and TWI Principal Project Leader Marcello Consonni.
This Joining Processes Technical Group webinar will look at the major objective within the process plant and power generation industries of reducing life costs. One method of achieving this life extension is through both repair and replacement as well as the use of materials with enhanced performance. This online webinar will consider some of these methods and their role in achieving the above industrial objective.
The event will focus on the welding and repair of high temperature steels, especially within the context of the following topics:
These presentations will be delivered by a range of speakers from both industry and TWI and there will also be opportunities for discussions and Q&As of the topics presented.
The registration fee for non-members for this online Technical Group event also includes a full and discounted Associate Membership (AWeldI) of The Welding Institute for a year.
Why join The Welding Institute as a Member?
Join as a Professional Member by registering as a non-member now and begin benefiting from the professional status you can gain!
BAE Systems Maritime Submarines Welding Manager and Fellow of The Welding Institute, Mike Skyrme has recently been elected to the governing council of The Welding Institute.
Coming up to his 22 years of membership with The Welding Institute in February, we are delighted to announce Mike’s recent appointment to the Institute’s governing council. As a Member of The Welding Institute’s Professional Board, Mike was elected, along with other nominees of Professional Board, to represent over 5000 Professional Members on Council. Council provides the overall governance and sets the strategic direction for The Welding Institute and TWI Ltd. The Professional Board oversees the delivery and management of the Institute’s services and benefits for individual professional Members, including professional registration with the Engineering Council.
BAE Systems Submarines released a statement where Mike reflected on this election saying, ‘I’m extremely proud having come from the grassroots. After joining the Institute as a Technician Member in 1999, I became a fellow of the Institute this summer. Now elected to serve on council, I’ll be helping provide the governance for how The Welding Institute and its subsidiaries operate.’
They continued with a statement from BAE Systems Submarines Engineering Director Russ Watson, who said, ‘This is a tremendous accolade for Mike and deserved personal recognition for his technical excellence. It also once again demonstrates the depth and breadth of the expertise in the business.’
Mike joined The Welding Institute as a Technician Member (TechWeldI) in 1999 and has since progressed to fellowship status during his time with us, an accolade that reflects the work, volunteering and support that Mike has provided to The Welding Institute and our Members over the past 21 years. This includes presenting at Branch and Technical Group Events, chairing our Welding Trailblazer scheme since 2014, and helping to develop and embed new, high quality standards for welding apprentices, to a name a few examples. In 2018, Mike was also the first winner of The Welding Institute’s Award for Continuous Development and Learning.
Mike’s progress from starting his career as an apprentice and joining The Welding Institute as a Technician Member (TechWeldI) in 1999, to being awarded Fellowship status in the summer of 2020 and now being elected to the governing council this year, serves as an excellent and inspiring example to all of our Members and the next generation of engineers.
Find out more about how The Welding Institute can support you with your career development!
As we are nearing the end of 2020, now seems an opportune time to reflect on the never faltering support of our volunteers, even during such a difficult year, which has seen many households affected in one way or another. As an Institute, we would like to highlight the impact our volunteers have had both in the UK and globally, including their incredible support in ensuring our services have been able to continue with minimal impact whilst all getting used to the new normal of virtual systems, which were previously face-to-face experiences.
With the support of our volunteers, we have managed to keep all of our application processes running throughout the year with virtual assessments all conducted via a steep learning curve. Our Professional Review interviews have moved online with great success and have enabled more than 75 new candidates to progress to professional registration. We are very fortunate to have nearly 50 Professional Review volunteers who are happy to donate their time, experience and knowledge to support both new and current Members across the world. The success of the Institute in servicing our Members and recruiting new ones, very much depends on the contributions given by our volunteers who really are the backbone of most things we do.
A great example of the dedication often found with our volunteers, can be illustrated by our longstanding Member Paul Jordinson CEng FWeldI who is standing down after 30 years of service to The Welding Institute as a volunteer, during which he has sat on Council, Professional Board and has chaired the Membership, Education and Registration Committee, whilst also providing valuable support to professional review activities. Paul’s history as a Member is exemplary for what we as an Institute aim to achieve, from joining as an Associate, advancing to Technician, then to Incorporated Member, followed by Senior Member, to finally being awarded Fellowship status in 2007, a title that he has and continues to uphold outstandingly. Paul’s experience of progressing through The Welding Institute serves as a truly inspirational journey for all of our Members and highlights the value that we aim to continually offer to all of our Members. Paul’s support through his voluntary work reflects the value he has been able to also offer to other Members throughout his membership journey and, for this, the Institute is incredibly grateful!
Could you fill his shoes? Get in touch to find out more and, if you’re interested, do join our next online training session on 24 February 2021.
Our volunteers conduct a large variety of roles, from scrutinising applications from new Members, working with universities and colleges to ensure suitable welding content is upheld within relevant qualifications and participating in branch networks to educational outreach and much more. It is safe to say that, much like our values as a professional engineering institution, our volunteers all share the common passion of imparting their own knowledge for the benefit of other professionals. We are incredibly grateful for their continued dedication and support.
On behalf of The Welding Institute and all of its Members, we would like to take this opportunity to thank all of our volunteers for their continued support and unwavering efforts as we look forward to what next year brings!
The Welding Institute
The Welding Institute is delighted to celebrate the success of the WEC Training Academy in being named Regional Large Employer of the Year 2020 at the Regional Apprenticeship Awards for the third consecutive year.
WEC are a long-standing member of The Welding Institute's Association for Welding, Fabrication Training and Education (AWFTE). The Association is comprised of many further education colleges across the country and aims to support and promote a standard of excellence in welding, joining and fabrication by providing current and progressive knowledge of practices from around the world to the trainers and educators of our future engineers.
Kevin Dunn, Chair of the AWFTE and Teesside Branch of The Welding Institute said of the win, “We believe that by encouraging the development of knowledge in our educators, we not only promote advancement in new ideas, but also encourage lifelong learning in their students and future generations. We are delighted to see this brought to reality by WEC.” Kevin is also Head of Welding and Fabrication Training at Middlesbrough College.
The Welding Institute would like to acknowledge and celebrate Xu Liu’s (AWeldI interim CEng) outstanding feedback from his 2019 continuous professional development (CPD) audit submission. Xu Liu is a project leader at TWI and an NSIRC PhD student with Brunel University, London (check out Xu's PhD research project and student profile here).
Xu’s record stood out as he had clear objectives listed and had engaged in a variety of CPD activities to meet these objectives. Wanting to expand his network, for example, Xu attended several conferences and took up the opportunity to give a presentation. Xu also attended Welding Institute branch events in order to increase his knowledge in specific technical areas he had identified.
Xu offered the following statement regarding his CPD recording, 'CPD helps to keep my knowledge up to date, which makes me more confident to handle my day to day tasks. It also provides the opportunity to continuously improve my personal and professional skills, allowing me to become a qualified Chartered Engineer in the future.’
As we are coming up to the end of the year, now is the time for our Professional Members to be reflecting on their CPD activities for 2020 and recording this evaluation. Evaluating your CPD activity is considered best practice for all our Members, but particularly if you hold Engineering Council registration. The Engineering Council has made it mandatory for us to audit registrants’ CPD records, and we run an annual CPD audit accordingly. If you are selected, you will need to provide your CPD records for the previous year. Selected auditees for the 2020 audit have already been contacted (submission deadline is 6 Jan 2021).
The Welding Institute has CPD support and resources available to help our Members in completing their CPD, including an online recording tool, ‘mycareerpath®.’ Examples of previous CPD submissions, our recording template and guidance booklet are available by logging into the Member Portal on our website. If you have any questions regarding CPD or need professional support from our membership team, please get in touch.
The Welding Institute hosted its first Technical Group Meeting online at the end of October this year. The Welding Institute’s Pressure and Process Plant Technical Group hosted a two-part online webinar format event, which hosted speakers from industry leading companies and reached attendees from both the UK and across the globe including the USA, Sweden, Philippines, France, Netherlands and Hong Kong. The Pressure and Process Plant Technical Group is just one of eight Technical Groups run by The Welding Institute in conjunction with TWI Ltd that run technical seminars throughout the year.
The first session of the event took place on the 29 of October with speakers including Pressure and Process Plant Technical Group Chair John Marlow introducing the day, Walter Sperko, President of Sperko Engineering Services delivering a presentation on, ‘Pressure Equipment Standards developed in the USA,’ Stuart Bond, European Area Manager and Technical Advisor at NACE International presenting the talk, ‘ISO15156/MR0175 Issues Related to guidance for Weldments in Sour Service,’ and Welding Institute Fellow and Joining Processes Technical Group Chair, Gene Mathers, delivering the concluding presentation of session one of the two-part event on, ‘Electro-Slag Cladding: A Case Study.’
The second session of the two-day online event continued on the 30 of October with Phil Bygate, consultant at Bygate Manufacturing and Quality Solutions Ltd presenting a talk looking at, ‘Development of Pressure Equipment Welding Standards Over the Last 50 Years – from BS to EN to ISO – Are They Better?’ This was followed by TWI Principal Project Leader Marcello Consonni, who presented the talk, ‘Convergence and Harmonisation (or Lack of Them) in Welding Standards.’ The webinar continued with Kevin Millican, Senior Materials and Corrosion Engineer at Shell UK delivering a presentation on, ‘Understanding EEMUA 235 Guidance On PWHT of Group P1 Steels,’ and the final presenter of the two-day online event, a TWI Ltd Technology Fellow and Welding Institute Fellow, Isabel Hadley, delivered the presentation, ‘Implications of Changes in ASME B31.3 PWHT Practice for the Reliability of Girth Welds in Pressure Piping; An Analysis Based on Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics,’ which concluded the Pressure and Process Plant Technical Group Meeting, 2020.
The new two-day online format of the Technical Group Meeting was described by attendees as informative, with positive comments made on all of the speakers and their insightful and knowledgeable presentations. The Welding Institute would like to thank all those involved in the organisation of the technical group event and all those who attended.
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